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FAQ - Fuzzymonkey.org CGI and Perl scripts

(version 1.1) don't forget to read the Intro to CGI at http://www.fuzzymonkey.org/perl/ also if you can't find what you need here!

Q: So how come you are so cool and make all this software for free?
A: Well, the coolness is natural, I make the scripts free cuz I learned most of what I know from open source software so as I learn, I give back what I created along the way.  Also, I sure do hope that you remember me when you are looking for someone to write custom scripts for you. Just email me mike@fuzzymonkey.org for a quote :-)
Q: I just pointed my browswer at one of the scripts and it says "Internal Sever Error 400" or something similar! Your scripts suck!
A: Well, this could be any error. The best way to see what is going on is to look at your web server error log.  On many linux systems this is in the /var/log/httpd/ directory.

If you do not have access to your web serer error log, you can find out lots of information by running it from command line. You will want to telnet or ssh into your server. Then `cd` to the directory containing the .cgi script. To run it, do:

$ ./scriptname.cgi (where scriptname.cgi is the name of the script

Depending on the webserver, it may now ask you to enter name=value pairs. At this point, just hit CNTL-D and it will output a combination of HTML and/or errors. If you want to test the script with giving it input parameters (e.g. the stuff from forms) then you would enter those name=value pairs first, one per line, and then hit CNTL-D.

If it doesn't ask you to enter in the name=value pairs, you can edit the use CGI; like to say use CGI qw(-debug);.

If this info is not helpful, some commone reasons for getting this error are:

  • not having permissions on the .cgi scripts set to 755 (chmod 755 filename.cgi)
  • not having perl installed at /usr/bin/perl (see the next question)
  • Q: I just tried to execute the script and it says that the file cannot be found or that it can't find perl!
    A: Check to make sure you have perl installed and in /usr/bin/perl.  You can do this by doing:

    $ whereis perl

    this should tell you where perl is installed. If it is not installed, install it from www.perl.com. If it is somewhere besides /usr/bin/perl then change the first line of the script to reflect where it is installed.

    If the script says "file not found" or "no such file or directory" this could be becuse the file is a DOS text file or was uploaded in the wrong mode.

    Q: The script just complained about not having permissions to read, write, or something similar! *maybe I should just chmod 777 everything ...*
    A: The problem is that the script you are running needs to read or write to files which it doesn't have access to. Normally, these files are written in the same directory where the script is or some other directory that you specified when you set the script up. When your script executes, it gets under a certain user account. If you are running an apache server, this is most likely the user 'apache' or 'nobody'. There are a few ways to fix this:

  • You could be really cool and get a web hosting account from me and you wouldn't have to worry about it cuz my server is set up properly :-)
  • You can install suexec and reinstall apache. This will make sure that all scripts are run as the user who has the web account. This is how most commercial servers are set up.
  • You can change the owner for the folders that contains the script and files you want to run.  For instance, if the webserver executes them as 'apache' you could just (make sure you use the paths to the folders you want to change):

    $ chown -R apache /var/www/html/photo
    $ chown -R apache /var/www/cgi-bin/photo

  • Q: When I run the script it says: Unable to find something/something.pm in @INC or something similar! Whats up?
    A: That means that you do not have one of the requires perl modules installed. Don't worry, that is an easy fix ... just install the perl module :-)

    If you have root access, just go to search.cpan.org, download it, perl Makefile.PL;make;make install

    If you don't have root access (e.g. you have a hosting account you pay for by month), then you have 2 options:

  • You can buy some beer for your server admin or email your hosting company to see if they will install it for you. Unless they are a mega company, they probably will.
  • You can install it locally on your account. This may take up some of your precious MB's (web space), but this is what I do here at fuzzymonkey. Just read the instructions in README.IMAGEMAGICK or email me for a copy if you dont have one. Normally, this is just as easy as using PREFIX=/home/user/cgi-bin/local when you configure or make anything that you want to install locally. If you do choose this method, then make sure you add the uselib lines to the top of your scripts so that they know where to find the locally installed modules. I use the following:

    use lib "/home/username/www/cgi-bin/local/lib/site_perl/5.6.0/i686-linux/"; #ImageMagick use lib "/home/username/www/cgi-bin/local/lib/site_perl/"; #Image::Info and IO::String

  • Q: I just installed the required Perl modules for one of your scripts locally (because I don't have root access), but I am still getting the same error message!
    A: You probably forgot to put the use lib lines at the top of the scripts! (see above)
    Q: I just fixed a bug in your script, should I tell you about it?
    A: By all means! Please send me the patch (.diff) or email and tell me about it.
    Please let me know if you find this list incomplete.